Nowadays, there are many sports equipment used at homes or in sports clubs, and there are many questions about the sports activities that a heart patient can do without endangering his/her health. We address the most common activities that are consistent with the nature of our community. A heart patient should, however, be aware of the danger signs that indicate the need to stop exercising.
Walking is a safe sport in terms of cardiovascular risks as well as joint diseases. It is a good activity for improving aerobic fitness and walking ability, and is simple in nature that allows most people to practice it. Adaptation to a walking program is often high, since walking does not require special skill, observation or special equipment, and it can be integrated into many lifestyles. The issue of patients' development of walking programs is decided according to the patient's physical ability and morbidity level. It is recommended to walk three to five times a day, twenty to thirty minutes, starting with five minutes and then increasing the time according to the patient’s endurance.
Although jogging is generally inappropriate or unfavorable for patients in the early stages of the disease, some individuals can evolve to a level where they can tolerate higher-intensity exercise. Heart patients who participate in a jogging program usually start with a short jogging period, alternating an equal distance of walking. When they develop further, they will walk less and jog more. However, it should be noted that many tests and research have shown that high intensity exercise is usually associated with a higher risk of other cardiovascular complications. Moreover, there is a strong relationship between high intensity activities (jogging) and bone and ankle injuries, especially for beginners, those who exercise for a long time, elderly, obese patients, and postmenopausal women. Therefore, it is preferable to do moderate-impact activities.
Using a stationary bike is one of the best activities that can be practiced at home as is the case with walking. Riding a stationary bike is an excellent circadian activity, requiring the use of the major muscle groups and which can stimulate the cardiovascular system to higher metabolic demands. The same elements of time and stages of development for the walking program can be used for using a stationary bike, with the resistance replacing the speed, according to the patient’s ability, and the effort should be light to moderate.
Stair climbing has always been an essential element in the daily lives of most people, and it is a routine as well. Given the development of stair climbers through controlling speed and resistance and making use of heart rate monitoring of modern devices, which facilitated stair climbing in training, the stair climber is now a safe and sound equipment for heart patients; however, the effort should be light to moderate according to patient’s ability.